"school is the advertising agency which makes you believe that you need the society as it is" , wrote Illich. I found this in a Dave Cormier blog post. For me this ties into the notion that a key function of school, that is, institutionalized education, is to perpetuate a society's culture and values.
Does this differ from learning, which is essentially individual? A related question is: "What would the economy of a learning-centered system look like?"